The Main Components Defining Physical fitness
Each person has his or her own idea of what fitness is supposed to look like. For others, it means having a slim silhouette while for others it means having the perfect hourglass body or big muscles in the right places.
In the past, one’s fitness level was generally defined as their ability to meet the daily physical demands of life and perform daily activities without unnecessary fatigue. However, this definition was rendered insufficient by ever-changing lifestyles and an increase in leisure time. Physical fitness today is deemed as a measure of your body’s capacity to meet an emergency, resist any hypokinetic disease, be healthy, and function effectively in both leisure and work activities.
Physical fitness is made up of two connected concepts:
1) Specific Fitness- task-oriented and dependent on the capacity to conduct specific elements of occupations or sports
2) General Fitness- a state of well-being and overall health
In order to measure one’s overall fitness we need to consider the five components of physical fitness and for a typical person, workouts must be tailored to the five primary health-related components. The skill-related physical fitness components such as power, reaction time, coordination, balance, agility, and speed are taken into consideration when judging athletes’ physical fitness. These components can also be categorized into physiological and sports-related components of physical fitness.
Health-Related Components of Physical fitness
Physical fitness in relation to physical fitness is defined as an activity performed with the aim of improving well-being and overall health. The goal of these health-related components is rehabilitation from disease or disease prevention while developing an increased functional capacity for day-to-day tasks.
The health-related components of physical fitness are as described below:
1) Muscle Strength
This is defined as the capacity of one’s muscles to lift weights. Performing strength or weight-training exercises every other day can increase your body’s muscle mass. Muscular strength can be measured by the maximum amount of strength of a muscle during exertion or while lifting. There are three categories of strength:
Strength Endurance- the capacity to express strength multiple times
Elastic Strength- the capacity to overcome resistance with fast contractions
Maximum Strength- the greatest possible strength within one maximum contraction